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Although it was attacked by the French the following year, the early settlement survived throughout the seventeenth century, with a permanent, year-round population numbering a few dozen, swelling to several hundred during the fishing season. Nevertheless, between these attacks, the population grew by 50 percent. By then, however, other colonial towns along the Atlantic coast had surpassed Harbour Grace in population and influence.In 1618, Bristol's Society of Merchant Venturers received a charter from King James I of England to establish a settlement near Harbour Grace, "Bristol's Hope", and appointed Robert Hayman as its first Proprietary Governor, a post he held for the next ten years. The town continued to grow and peaked in population in 1921, when the census was taken at 11,458 residents.
For example, the presence of recycled bricks at an archaeological site indicates the sequence in which the structures were built.
The town was named after Havre de Grâce (now Le Havre), France, although it is uncertain whether the name was given by French cartographers, Francis I of France, or early settlers from the British Channel Islands and West Country who were familiar with Le Havre as a common trade destination for fishermen from the Channel Islands.
In 1610, pirate Peter Easton made Harbour Grace his headquarters, and established a fort overlooking the bay.
It is located about 45 km northwest of the provincial capital, St. The town has a population of 3,074 (2006), engaged primarily in fishing and fish processing.
The alternative spelling Harbor Grace was current at one time.
The two approaches are often complementary, as when a sequence of occurrences in one context can be correlated with an absolute chronlogy elsewhere.
Local relationships on a single outcrop or archaeological site can often be interpreted to deduce the sequence in which the materials were assembled.
Harbour Grace is a town in Conception Bay on the Avalon Peninsula in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.
With roots dating back to the sixteenth century, it is one of the oldest towns in North America.
Using this established record, geologists have been able to piece together events over the past 635 million years, or about one-eighth of Earth history, during which time useful fossils have been abundant.
The need to correlate over the rest of geologic time, to correlate nonfossiliferous units, and to calibrate the fossil time scale has led to the development of a specialized field that makes use of natural radioactive isotopes in order to calculate absolute isotopes has been improved to the point that for rocks 3 billion years old geologically meaningful errors of less than ±1 million years can be obtained.
These include some that establish a relative chronology in which occurrences can be placed in the correct sequence relative to one another or to some known succession of events.